Author information: Participation in organized sports is promoted as a means of increasing physical activity levels and adults with benefits review chronic disease risk in adults. Hard martial arts practice i. This review explores the evidence for health benefits of "hard" martial arts practice within the adult population.
A systematic electronic database search was conducted, and quality assessments applied the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. Twenty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria, examining balance, cognitive function, muscular adults with benefits review status, psychological, cardiovascular fitness, and metabolic effects.
The majority of studies reported positive adults with benefits review resulting from audlts martial arts practice, showing some improvement and maintenance of balance, cognitive function and psychological health. Benefits may be obtained regardless of the age of practice commencement.
However, quality of the evidence adults with benefits review affected by methodological weaknesses across the studies. Benefits should be further investigated with improved intervention studies, representative samples and longer follow-up periods in order to establish associations with morbidity and mortality in the long term.